DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL POWER ENGINEERING

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

POWER ELECTRONICS

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Topics Covered - Pulse Width Modulated Inverters - Single Phase Inverter - Bipolar Switching - PWM Outputs

TOPICS COVERED:

DC TO DC CONVERTER

•  Introduction

Buck (Step Down) Converter

•  Assumptions Made for Analysis of the Buck Converter

•  *Circuit Operation Switching Modes

•  Output Voltage Average

•  The Inductor Current Ripple

•  The Load and the Capacitor Current

•  Continuous Conduction Condition

•  The Capacitor Voltage Ripple

Boost (Step Up) Converter

•  Assumptions Made for Analysis of the Boost Converter

•  *Circuit Operation Switching Modes

•  Output Voltage Average

•  The Inductor Current Ripple

•  The Inductor Current

•  Continuous Conduction Condition

•  The Diode and Capacitor Currents

•  The Capacitor Voltage Ripple

Designing DC-DC Converters

•  Converter Design Consideration

PULSE WIDTH MODULATED INVERTERS

•  Introduction

•  Inverter Types

•  Basic Inverter

•  Performance Parameters

•  Fourier Series

•  Total Harmonic Distortion

Single Phase Inverter

•  Single Phase Half Bridge Inverter

•  Single Phase Full Bridge Inverter

•  Square-wave Inverter

•  Square-wave Inverter with RL Load

•  Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Control Strategy

•  Amplitude & Harmonics Control

•  Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM)

•  PWM Definitions & Considerations

Bipolar Switching (Single Phase)

•  PWM Outputs

•  PWM Harmonics

Unipolar Switching (Single Phase)

•  PWM Outputs

•  PWM Harmonics

Three Phase Inverter

•  Introduction

•  Switch State for Six Step Inverter

•  Six Step Inverter (continue)

•  Three Phase SPWM

DC TO DC CONVERTER

•  Introduction

Buck (Step Down) Converter

•  Assumptions Made for Analysis of the Buck Converter

•  *Circuit Operation Switching Modes

•  Output Voltage Average

•  The Inductor Current Ripple

•  The Load and the Capacitor Current

•  Continuous Conduction Condition

•  The Capacitor Voltage Ripple

Boost (Step Up) Converter

•  Assumptions Made for Analysis of the Boost Converter

•  *Circuit Operation Switching Modes

•  Output Voltage Average

•  The Inductor Current Ripple

•  The Inductor Current

•  Continuous Conduction Condition

•  The Diode and Capacitor Currents

•  The Capacitor Voltage Ripple

Designing DC-DC Converters

•  Converter Design Consideration

PULSE WIDTH MODULATED INVERTERS

•  Introduction

•  Inverter Types

•  Basic Inverter

•  Performance Parameters

•  Fourier Series

•  Total Harmonic Distortion

Single Phase Inverter

•  Single Phase Half Bridge Inverter

•  Single Phase Full Bridge Inverter

•  Square-wave Inverter

•  Square-wave Inverter with RL Load

•  Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) Control Strategy

•  Amplitude & Harmonics Control

•  Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation (SPWM)

•  PWM Definitions & Considerations

Bipolar Switching (Single Phase)

•  PWM Outputs

•  PWM Harmonics

Unipolar Switching (Single Phase)

•  PWM Outputs

•  PWM Harmonics

Three Phase Inverter

•  Introduction

•  Switch State for Six Step Inverter

•  Six Step Inverter (continue)

•  Three Phase SPWM

 

 

 

Single Phase Inverter

Bipolar Switching

IGBT is used as switch, the gate signal is ON for + Vdc and OFF for - Vdc.

PWM Outputs

  • The output alternates between plus and minus the dc supply voltage.

    Vo = +/- Vdc

  • The output is at + Vdc when the instantaneous value of the sine reference is larger than the triangular carrier.

    Vo = + Vdc for Vsine > Vtri

  • The output is - Vdc when the sine reference is less than the triangular carrier.

    Vo = - Vdc for Vsine < Vtri

  • The switching scheme that will implement bipolar switching using the full bridge inverter is determined by comparing the instantaneous reference and carrier signals:

    S1 and S2 are on when Vsine > Vtri (Vo = + Vdc)

    S3 and S4 are on when Vsine < Vtri (Vo = - Vdc)

    Mouse over the cursor to the icon below (from left to rght) to compare amplitude of reference and carrier.

    You may also view the changes of output by varying frequency of carrier and reference. Go to Animation

     

 

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